The rise in technology is paving the path of many new technologies that are making lives better. Such techniques are rapidly taking over the world. One such technology is solar energy. It is the process of producing electricity out of sunlight. Solar energy can be divided into many parts, but the three main types of solar energy that are most used are as follows:
This energy is created by photovoltaic panels that convert sunlight into electricity. This process is called photovoltaic because of the use of photovoltaic panels as collectors of sunlight. The process starts when the semiconductor material on these panels absorbs sunlight, which starts a reaction that generates electricity. In scientific terms, the solar energy received from sunlight breaks the electrons loose from their atoms, which makes them flow through the semiconductor material to produce electricity. In recent times PV cells have captured the market for small scale application of generating electricity. This method is widespread in residential areas. By using the photoelectric effect, the solar cell directly converts sunlight into electricity.
Concentrated Solar Energy
This solar energy type uses mirrors to reflect a large amount of solar energy and focus it into a beam. That beam of light aims at a container or a large area is having water in it. The heat of the laser boils the water. The steam from the boiling water rotates the turbine, which activates the generator, which creates electricity. This process is currently being used on a large scale to produce massive amounts of power for a city or in some cases, for a whole state. The area in which they are set up is also called Solar parks or Solar Farms due to their colossal size and significant electricity generations. This method is being adopted by both developed and underdeveloped countries to meet their electricity needs
Solar thermal power
Solar thermal power or solar water heating type uses a thermal power collector to collect sunlight, small pipes are installed in these collectors. The energy the collectors received from the sun is stored in these collectors making those pipes, established in the collectors extremely hot. When water passes through these pipes the water heats up. This method is popular in those areas where they need hot water without using any other resource.
As the use of electricity is increasing day by day, solar energy is the need of the hour because it uses the most abundant source of energy, which is sunlight. This source of energy is readily available. Solar energy is used in other ways that can also help in managing sun heat in summers to make better homes for us to live in; Moreover, it can store sun heat to be used to heat water and control an inner building climate. The types of solar energy described above have massive potential in helping us in fulfilling our energy requirements. These methods are being used for residential and commercial purposes, which is a clear indicator of their potential.